Today, Uganda is made up of a diverse range of ethnic groups. Lake Kyoga forms the northern boundary for the Bantu-speaking people. In the north, the Lango and Acholi peoples predominate, who speak Nilotic languages. To the east are the Iteso and Karamojong, who speak a Nilotic language.
Over the last decade, Uganda has achieved universal primary education and reduced national poverty rates however, Uganda remains very poor and inequality is growing. 41% of Uganda’s population live in poverty or are at risk of falling back into poverty and high population growth rates have a negative impact on economic growth and create challenges for education and health services.
Most industry in Uganda is related to agriculture with agricultural products supplying nearly all of Uganda’s foreign exchange earnings. Exports of apparel, hides, skins, vanilla, vegetables, fruits, cut flowers, and fish are growing, and coffee, tea and tobacco continue to be mainstays.